Caliente, formerly known as Culverwell and Calientes, is a city in Lincoln County, Nevada, United States. Its elevation is 4,300 feet (1,310 meters). The population was 1,130 at the 2010 census, making it the least populated incorporated city in Nevada. The city's name originated from the nearby hot springs, as "caliente" is the Spanish word meaning "hot".
Caliente was founded in 1901 on Culverwell Ranch (or just Culverwell), built on land owned by William and Charles Culverwell. The town was initially given the name of Calientes, due to the hot springs present in the area, but later in the year a post office was erected and workers removed the "s" from the name of the town. In 1905, the Union Pacific railroad was completed, followed by the construction of the train depot in the style of Spanish mission architecture. The train depot, built in 1923, is now home to some city and county offices and a museum that exhibits historical information. The town once reached a peak of over 5,000 residents, but its population continually declined.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.9 square miles (4.9 km²), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,123 people, 408 households, and 241 families residing in the city. The population density was 603.7 people per square mile (233.1/km²). There were 479 housing units at an average density of 257.5 per square mile (99.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.27% White, 1.96% Black or African American, 3.03% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 3.56% from other races, and 3.47% from two or more races. 7.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino or of any type of race.
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